FIDE Women’s World Championship Match Starts With Fighting Draw In Shanghai

FIDE Women's World Championship Match Starts With Fighting Draw In Shanghai


Women’s World Champion Ju Wenjun had to fight hard to hold a draw in game one of the 2023 FIDE Women’s World Championship Match after challenger GM Lei Tingjie opened with an aggressive pawn sacrifice in her first-ever match at the very highest level. 

Game two, when Ju will have the white pieces, starts on Thursday, July 6, at 3:00 a.m. ET / 09:00 CEST. 

How to watch the 2023 FIDE Women’s World Chess Championship

Before getting to game one of the 2023 Women’s World Championship Match, let’s take a look at how the players got there.

Ju has the historic edge, but this is a rivalry that’s too close to call

The Road To The 2023 Women’s World Championship: Ju Wenjun

Ju became the 17th women’s world chess champion in 2018 when, at the age of 27, she defeated her compatriot GM Tan Zhongyi 5.5-4.5 in a 10-game match. That match went the full distance, but Ju’s route to becoming the sixth world champion from China was smooth, as she never trailed.

What came next was heroic. Just six months later, Ju managed to mirror the feat of GM Xie Jun in 2000 by defending her title in a 64-player knockout. Ju came from behind in the final to defeat GM Kateryna Lagno 5:3 and retain her title. It was an incredible year for Ju, who also won individual and team gold with China at the 2018 World Chess Olympiad.

Ju Wenjun
Ju has been the world champion for five years. Photo: Stev Bonhage, FIDE.

Ju became a three-time world champion in 2020, when she defeated GM Aleksandra Goryachkina in a topsy-turvy 12-game match, where Ju led twice and Goryachkina once, before the Chinese grandmaster eventually prevailed 2.5-1.5 in tiebreaks. Ju has remained the world champion ever since and is looking to extend her five-year reign. She commented at the opening press conference:

“I feel very excited and I have passion for the next three weeks. Also, it’s been a long time since the last women’s world championship match, and I think it will be a very exciting tournament.”    

The Road To The 2023 Women’s World Championship: Lei Tingjie

Lei is six years Ju’s junior, and her recent rise has been meteoric. She qualified for the Women’s Candidates, the gateway to a match, by winning the 2021 FIDE Grand Swiss with a stunning unbeaten 9/11, finishing 1.5 points clear of her nearest rivals.

Lei Tingjie
Lei said that as challenger she thinks she has greater motivation. Photo: Stev Bonhage/FIDE.

Then she went through the Candidates matches like a steamroller, not losing a game as she beat GMs Mariya Muzychuk and her sister Anna Muzychuk. She did lose the first game of the final, to Tan, but then she stormed back to win three games and cruise into her first world championship match. “I am the challenger, so I don’t feel any pressure!” Lei said in the opening press conference, adding of her friendship with Ju:

“We have a good relationship off the board, but chess is a sport, so for sport it’s quite crucial, because the winner is only one person. I’m here and I’m ready to fight, so after the match I think we can be also good friends!” 

The 2023 Women’s World Championship Format

As in 2020, the Women’s World Championship is a 12-game match split between two cities, in this case Ju’s home city of Shanghai for the first six games, before the action moves to Lei’s home city of Chongqing for the remainder of the match.

The time control is the FIDE standard 90 minutes for 40 moves, followed by 30 minutes to the end of the game, with a 30-second increment from move one—curiously a very different time control from the very long one employed for the overall world championship title. 

Image: FIDE.

The first player to reach 6.5 points wins, and gets €300,000 (about $325,000) to the loser’s €200,000, while if the match goes to tiebreaks the prize fund is split €275,000/225,000. The tiebreaks consist of four 25+10 rapid games, followed, if needed, by up to two pairs of 5+3 blitz games and then single 3+2 blitz games until a winner is decided.  

Pre-Match Build-Up, Controversy

A women’s world championship between two Chinese players, taking place in China at an inconvenient time, for instance, for U.S. chess fans, is a potentially hard sell, and there has been some controversy in the run-up to the match. GM Maurice Ashley pointed out that the prize fund is one quarter of the prize fund for the last world chess championship match we witnessed.

Many noted that women are also able to compete for the overall world championship—GM Judit Polgar did just that when she played in the eight-player 2005 FIDE World Chess Championship—though other sports have moved towards equal prize money.

Girl looking into playing hall
Can the match inspire young girls in China to pursue chess dreams? Photo: David Llada/FIDE.

Arguably the most dismissive take on the match, however, came from what should have been the least likely source—the CEO of FIDE, GM Emil Sutovsky, who posted a poll on his private Twitter. It was all about the 4th option he highlighted, which was widely criticized. 

The official website for the event did finally appear, weeks after it would have been useful for promotion, but despite being generally well-designed, it managed to strike a wrong note again by stressing the appearance of the players rather than their chess.  

Image: FIDE.

Luckily most of the pre-match build-up will be forgotten, however, as the chess action begins. The players are teammates and friends, but not, it’s already clear, at the chessboard.

Game 1: Lei Tingjie ½-½ Ju Wenjun 

Lei handled the pressure of her first world championship match admirably. Photo: Stev Bonhage/FIDE.

Lei had the white pieces for her first world championship game and sprung a small surprise by playing 1.e4 and the Ruy Lopez, inviting Ju to play her trusty Berlin Defense.

Were we in for a boring draw? Not at all! It turned out Lei had come to the board prepared to play a pawn sacrifice that had allowed Dutch GM and opening expert Jorden van Foreest to crush GM Alireza Firouzja a year ago in Croatia. Ju initially reacted slowly, though her first new move of the game, 15…d5, seemed a decent try, and there was no immediate kill.

In fact, at first it seemed that when Ju gave back a pawn to swap off queens the danger had gone, but not for long, as Lei threatened to suffocate the black pieces with a kingside pawn storm. Ju reacted aggressively with 28…f5!?

It was a move that could have been punished by the immediate 29.Bb4, threatening the defender of the black bishop, but in the end things worked out for Ju. After making the time control with little time to spare she managed to steer the game towards a safe draw in a rook endgame.

GM Rafael Leitao has annotated the game below.

If the remaining games are as tense, we’re in for a great match. Photo: Stev Bonhage/FIDE.

That means Ju has the slight advantage of now having the white pieces for more of the remaining games, but with 11 games ahead, it’s far too early to talk about the players’ chances.

Fed Name Rtg 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 Score
Ju Wenjun 2564 ½

Lei Tingjie 2554 ½


The 2023 FIDE Women’s World Championship (FWWC) is the most important women’s over-the-board event of the year. The defending women’s world champion GM Ju Wenjun faces the challenger GM Lei Tingjie to see who will be crowned world champion. The championship starts on July 5 and boasts a €500,000 prize fund.

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